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Acne Scars – Types, Causes, and More

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Acne scars are difficult to remove, and no treatment is best for everyone. One of the following approaches, or a combination of these, may improve the appearance of your skin, liable on the type of scar, skin type, and the severity of the wounds. Living with acne can be difficult, but for many, the problems continue after the papules and pustules have disappeared. Acne can leave the skin pitted and scarred; if someone has experienced severe acne. The subsequent scarring can be as powerful and distressing.


What are the different types of Acne Scars?

There are many different types of scars, and the following are the ones most closely associated with acne:

Hyperpigmented scars present a dark colouration due to a higher degree of melanogenesis linked to the inflammatory repair process. They give a pink or brown colouration that remains once the pimple or mud disappears.

Atrophic scars: These are the typical acne scars, which sometimes simulate a “U”-shaped puncture in the skin or “holes or wells,” that is, they are small indentations in the skin that occur mainly in people with a tone light-skinned

Hypertrophic and keloid scars: They are characterise by being red, complex, and itchy, but they remain on the edge of the surgical wound. Keloids differ in that they grow beyond the limits of the skin wound.

What are the causes of Acne Scars?

If an injury is complicated, as is the case with chronic inflammation (acne), the risk of scarring is greater.

Atrophic scars caused by acne are sagging due to a lack of collagen. Therefore, insufficient tissue produces to cover the entire damaged area in this case.

Can it be prevented?

Some tips to prevent acne scars are to avoid the temptation to touch blackheads, pimples, and other blemishes with your fingers or any other object. When you push too hard on these blemishes (especially ones that aren’t form yet), you can damage the delicate veins, glands, and tissues surrounding them, worsening acne symptoms and increasing the risk of scarring.

Treatments for Acne Scars

Acne marks or acne scars can remove with different methods considering the type of skin and the type of skin mark. Given the high incidence of acne in the most visible part of the body, the face, it is essential to see how to choose an excellent treatment to leave it without any sign.

One of the most effective options is the laser for scars. Depending on the type of acne scar, one type of laser or another will use:

Hyperpigmented scars can lighten rapidly and with outstanding results using lasers capable of heating melanin, such as the Q-Switched Alexandrite laser or Intense Pulsed Light for Medical Use (IPL).

Atrophic scars, which are very common, have greatly benefited from advances in laser technology. Two types of lasers can use to treat them:

Ablative Fractional CO2 Laser: Treats both the epidermis and the dermis and requires convalescence time.

Non-Ablative Infrared Fractional Laser: It does not affect the epidermis. It only heats the dermis. Therefore, it does not have an exudative phase, and recovery is faster. Both treatments produce distributed photocoagulation in microcolumns surrounded by healthy tissue, which immediately activates the reparative phenomenon.

Hypertrophic and keloid scars treat with a Pulsed Dye Laser, combined with intralesional corticosteroid infiltration and pressotherapy (in silicone sheets).

The application of the laser is not painful. It consists of moving the laser light (emitted from a specialised device) through the scar to reduce the lesions of the first layers of the epidermis and smooth the skin irregularities, as well as gradually remove or eliminate the spots as it causes the renewal of the superficial layers of the skin.


If you decide your acne scars need treatment, several options are available. The right choice for you will rest on your spot’s nature, size, and shape. Those that require aggressive treatment discuss it with their doctor, and no treatment start until their acne has completely healed.

Also Read: How to Remove Dark Circles?

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